Trip Itinerary: Day 7
Day 7: Sunday, March 25, 2012
“Jerusalem – City of Three sisters Faiths”
Visit to the Temple Mount, site of the First and Second Temples and the third holiest place to Islam, with the Dome of the Rock and the Al Aksa Mosque
Visit the Christian Quarter of the old City of Jerusalem including:
The "Via Dolorosa" is the stretch of road between the Antonia fortress and Golgotha, along which Jesus walked, bowed under the weight of the Cross. The name dates from the sixteenth century, although the custom of retracing Jesus' steps to Golgotha began in the early centuries of Christianity. According to the most common tradition, Jesus was brought before Pilate at the Antonia fortress and the Praetorium nearby, and it was the starting point for Jesus' painful walk toward Calvary, outside the city walls at that time.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is situated on the hill called Golgotha or Calvary. The Church contains the last five Stations of the Cross including the sites of Jesus' crucifixion and burial. Several Christian denominations claim ownership to various parts of the church, which is so holy to Christens worldwide.
The Room of the Last Supper is the site where Jesus and his disciples celebrated the Passover Seder, the meal that history calls "The Last Supper". Christian tradition has it that in the same place, the Spirit of God descended upon Jesus' disciples seven weeks after Passover. The event is memorialized and celebrated as Pentecost.
Tour the Jewish Quarter of the Old City and uncover the layers of Jewish history from the time of the First Temple until the present day.
According to the ancient sources the Cardo, the main thoroughfare of Roman Jerusalem began at the northern gate, today's Damascus Gate, and traversed the city in a straight line from north to south, ending at the southern gate. The broad avenue was flanked by rows of columns and shops. Archaeological excavations have found remnants of street paving and many pillars. The southern section was uncovered by an archaeological expedition led by Prof. Nahman Avigad, and partially reconstructed. The modern Cardo has returned to its former use as the Jewish Quarter's shopping center.
Lunch on own
Tour of King David City – optional
King David captured a Jebusite citadel in order to build his capital. The city was well fortified with its own water source; it had never belonged to any of the Israelite tribes and was, therefore, unlikely to provoke jealousy among them. In spite of the fact that it was not on a major thoroughfare or centrally located to all the tribes, Jerusalem was a perfect site for the new kind of national state that David envisaged. Today we will tour the archaeological excavation in David's Jerusalem
Afternoon at leisure in the old city
For a different perspective on the history of Jerusalem, head underneath the Old City’s chaotic maze of buildings to theWestern Wall Tunnel. The extension of the retaining wall was built 2,000 years ago by Herod the Great to support the massive compound where the Temple stood. The excavated tunnel is one of the city’s most phenomenal sites.
Free time in the Mamilla Pedestrian Arcade, a new and contemporary shopping area, located outside the Jaffa Gate of the Old City with dinner on your own.
Overnight: Inbal hotel, Jerusalem
Optional: Meet with Uri Miller, Ultra-Orthodox Jew at the executive lounge at the hotel